The castellans’ oath

 

E159/32, KR Memoranda Roll 1258-59, membrane 1


Cest la forme del serement ke les gardeyns des chaatus le Roy de Englet’re doivent fere. Il jurrunt sur les seyntes Ewangeles ke eus les chastels le Roy leaument e en bone foy garderu’t a le es le Roy e ses eyrs. E ke eus les renderu’t al Roy e a ses eyrs e a nul autre, e ceo par sun cunseyl, e en nule autre manere cest a saver par p’deshomes de la t’re esluz a sun cunseyl ou par la greinure partie. Et ceste forme desus escrite dure desqes a duz anz, e de ileques en avaunt par cest establissement e ceo serement ne seient mie constreit ke fraunchement ne les puissent rendre al Roy e a ses eyrs roys de Englet’re.


Anglo-Norman Dictionary (http://www.anglo-norman.net/):

leaument=loyally, faithfully; es?=oes, ues=use, benefit, profit; prudhomme=worthy man; greinure=larger; desque=as far as, until; ileques=there, then; constreindre=constrain, compel.




cf the oath of the castellans in the Provisions of Oxford (June-July 1258), in Treharne & Sanders, Documents of the baronial movement, p. 102:

That they will keep the king’s castles loyally and faithfully to the use of the king and of his heirs, and that they will restore them to the king and his heirs and to no one else, and by his council and in no other way – that is to say, by the good men of the land elected to his council, or by the majority thereof. And this written commission shall be valid up to 12 years, and from that time onwards they shall no longer be bound by this decree and this oath, but may freely restore them to the king and his heirs.